Cytology is the microscopic examination of cells, isolated or in small clusters, spread on a glass slide and stained to distinguish more easily their apect, their origin and anomalies to obtain a cytodiagnosis. It has the advantage of showing the cellular details and the disadvantage of not providing any indication of the tissue organization, architectural anomalies and areas of flooding.
Cytology based on the knowledge of morphological characteristics of normal or pathological cells isolated from their tissue context: the size and shape of cells, their grouping mode, and the type of intercellular substances. It allows to detect the presence of normal cells but can not determine if a cancer is invasive or not.
Having no forensic value, especially a value of diagnostic orientation.

cytological sampling

Cytology interested mainly for diagnostic purposes gynecology (cervical smear and endometrial), but also: - Agency liquids (flow épenchement, ascites, pleural fluid, cerebrospinal fluid, urine)
- Hematology (lymph node and bone marrow)
- Pathology of deep organs (salivary glands, liver, poumoun, kidney, thyroid)
The cytological samples of breast and thyroid or ganglion, may be made in ultrasound: make an appointment to the secretariat for these FNA.

Dr Marc Putterman SELARL, Anatomo-pathologiste, praticien consultant AP-HP-NECKER, CHNO des Quinze-Vingts
28 ter, rue Guersant - 75017 PARIS
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